Status update August 2021 – Planning for 2022 expeditions

The summer in the northern hemisphere is coming to an end and 2022 now seems not so far away, so you may be beginning to wonder about our 2022 expeditions and Covid.

The pandemic is still in full swing with waves rising and falling around the planet. With the situation as fluid as it is, it is impossible to predict what the circumstances will be in our various expedition countries when we re-start expeditions early in 2022, let alone later in 2022. Suffice it to say that we are monitoring the situation closely and that we will draft a hygiene and safety protocol for each expedition and publish this 6-8 weeks before each expedition is due to start.

At the moment our thinking is that the basic principles of each hygiene and safety protocol should be as follows:

1. Only fully vaccinated people (with certifications proving their vaccination status) will be allowed on the expedition.

2. Those that are not fully vaccinated may be allowed to take part if (a) there is a certified medical reason why they cannot be vaccinated – in that case they must provide a negative rapid / lateral flow / antigen Covid test immediately prior to the expedition commencing and will need to be re-tested at regular intervals during the expedition, or (b) if their country of origin has not offered vaccinations to them – for local staff we will try to compensate for this via private vaccinations where they are available; where this is not possible, the testing scheme as above will apply.

3. We will also require a rapid / lateral flow / antigen Covid test from each expedition member immediately prior to the expedition commencing and may repeat this test at regular intervals, as needed.

Remember these are just thoughts and plans at the moment. We are sharing them with you now to assure you that we are staying on top of things and so that you can comment. Please do, if you wish to.

Status update July 2021 – 2022 still looking hopeful

As we have said before, ultimately we will only get ahead of this virus together as one world, but in terms of 2022 expeditions, things are looking hopeful and teams are filling up.

Our Arabia desert species expedition in January 2022,  the Kenya Maasai Mara biodiversity expedition in February/March 2022, the Azores whale & dolphin expedition in March/April 2022, the Germany wolf expedition in June/July 2022, the Armenia Persian leopard expedition in July 2022, and the Tien Shan snow leopard expedition to Kyrgyzstan in July/August 2022 have all gone to amber

The other expeditions are on green, but starting to fill up too. Things really are moving in the right direction.

All this is of course assuming that we will make it into 2022. But we are close to reaching that goal too and we still need just over €2,000 to ensure we do so. So please give to our survival fundraiser to help us get there, if you can, and join one of our expeditions in 2022!

People have also asked when they will receive instructions on what is required for the expedition on the ground. The expedition dossier with detailed instructions on the research work, the expedition base, typical day, kit list, etc. is sent to you when you sign up. Updated information, including Covid risk management, will be published for each expedition six weeks in advance and based on the latest information for the host country. But whatever the specific instructions will be, if you are fully vaccinated, things are bound to be much easier for you, so make sure you get your jabs now to protect yourself and those around you. Besides, the benefits of vaccination far outweigh the risks

An expedition team (Brazil).

Status update June 2021 – A better outlook for 2022

In March we decided to defer all 2021 expeditions to 2022 and to concentrate on restarting in that year. Now for the first time in many months, the outlook is starting to look better. In particular, people can now see the light at the end of the tunnel and are starting to dare signing up again for 2022 expedition. This, combined with deferrers from the pandemic years of 2020 and 2021, means that teams are filling up for many expeditions. For example:

Expeditions further down the 2022 timeline are by and large not looking bad either. Given that it’s over a year now until they happen, hopefully, this is not surprising.

Of course, as we have said before, ultimately we will only get ahead of this virus together as one world, but in terms of 2022 expeditions, this is the first time in over a year that we can dare dream and make some plans.

All this is of course assuming that we will make it into 2022. But we are close to reaching that goal too and we still need just over €4,000 to ensure we do so. So please give to our survival fundraiser to help us get there, if you can, and also join one of our expeditions in 2022 too!

Dawn over the Maasai Mara, Kenya.

Status update May 2021 – The way forward into 2022

After our March decision to defer all 2021 expeditions to 2022 and to concentrate on restarting in 2022, we are still on that trajectory, but the outlook for where most of our citizen scientists come from (Western Europe, North America and Australia/New Zealand) is improving with light at the end of the tunnel more visible by the day. Of course ultimately we will only get ahead of this virus together as one world, but in terms of 2022 expeditions, this is the first time in over a year that we can dare dream and make some plans.

This is because vaccination programmes in Western Europe, North America and Australia/New Zealand should be complete later in 2021. And because vaccines block most transmissions of the virus  and protection from Covid-19 for those vaccinated is very good,  the list of countries opening up for vaccinated people is growing by the day. We are therefore optimistic that the majority of expeditions in 2022 will be able to run.

And to be honest, we need this to happen, because after what will then be almost two years without expeditions, our resources are low. In fact, we still need just over €5,000 to ensure we make it to 2022, so please give to our appeal for this, if you can.

Assuming that we will be able to raise that amount – and given the generosity of supporters so far, we are optimistic that we will be able to – we are planning on starting to get back to something approaching normal starting in 2022.

All in all, it is good to see the light at the end of the tunnel getting bigger and to be able to look at the way ahead with optimism again, re-booting our work in wildlife conservation, which is now more important than ever.

Join us in this optimism and on an expedition in 2022, if you can!

Sunrise, Pacuare beach, Costa Rica

Status update April 2021 – Still concentrating on restarting in 2022 and guaranteeing expedition places

After our March decision to defer all 2021 expeditions to 2022 and to concentrate on restarting in 2022, we are still on that trajectory.

The Covid situation remains very fluid, but we, along with the rest of the world, are hopeful that travel restrictions will ease over the coming months and be either much reduced and manageable or indeed absent by the time the expeditions come round next year. 

Besides, anyone who signs up for a 2022 expedition now, is guaranteed a place on an expedition. They are also guaranteed not to lose any deposits already paid. This is explained in more detail on

Please don’t forget to contribute to our survival appeal, if you can.

Status update March 2021 – No expeditions in 2021, concentrating on restarting in 2022

We have taken the decision to defer all 2021 expeditions to 2022 and to concentrate on restarting in 2022.

Here are our reasons:

  • We, as an organisation, want to be a responsible global citizen. We do not  want to contribute to spreading the virus and prolonging the pandemic.
  • When we conducted a straw poll amongst some of our 2021 expeditioners, the results were clear. A majority did not feel comfortable with going on expedition in 2021 and were keen to defer to 2022.
  • Keeping expeditioners and local partners guessing and hoping about 2021 is neither a good, nor a fair, nor a professional strategy. Our partners and many expeditioners agree that concentrating on 2022 instead is preferable.
  • Many expeditioners and staff from around the world are unlikely to be vaccinated until mid to late 2021 or even (much) later and we do not want to expose them to unnecessary risk. In addition, more research needs to be done on whether those vaccinated can still pass on the virus. Early research suggests that virus transmission is much reduced, but we want to be sure before exposing local people to international expedition teams and vice versa.
  • Social distancing within an expedition setting is very difficult and sometimes simply impossible (for example on research boats, in 4×4 vehicles, mess tents, expedition base accommodation, etc.).
  • Even if expedition teams could be vaccinated, large and unpredictable vagaries around travel remain. Participants could be required to quarantine on arrival in the expedition country as well as on their return back home. This makes travelling to/from an expedition an unreasonable proposition for most.
  • If only one person tested positive on expedition, quarantine regulations of the host country would apply, which is likely to result in missed flights and significant extra costs for all participants, let alone health implications.
  • Finally – and entirely unsurprisingly – there has been next to zero interest in 2021 expeditions this January/February, a period which usually sees a peak in interest and signups. Any interest there has been, was in expeditions in early 2022, already on our portfolio. With no new signups and those already signed up for 2021 deferring to 2022 in large numbers, 2021 expeditions are becoming increasingly unviable, whatever the pandemic will do over the next few months.
  • Our conclusion is therefore that expeditions with involvement of international citizen scientists are well-nigh impossible in 2021. Our local conservation partners and a large majority of our expeditioners agree.
  • Therefore, we have deferred all expeditions to 2022 with immediate effect. Dates for all 2022 expeditions are now online. Please join us now and support our work!

Having said all this, no expeditions in 2021 – and therefore next to no income – means that our survival is at stake. At the time of writing, we still have €5,165 to raise for our survival appeal to ensure we make it to 2022.

Please contribute, if you can!

Status update February 2021

The following conversation with expeditioners for our Sweden, Germany and Armenia expeditions, planned for June/July, will give you a good indication of where things are headed at the moment. We do not think this will change until at least autumn 2021, probably even later.

In a nutshell, a majority of expeditioners do not feel comfortable with the idea of being on expedition in June/July. Social distancing on expedition is an issue, as are questions over travel to/from the host country and what happens when returning home. Many expeditioners have already opted to defer to 2022 because of these issues.

As a result, Sweden and Armenia are now extremely likely to be deferred and we are working with partners on 2022 dates now. Germany may be consolidated into one team only in June 2021, or it may be postponed to the autumn of 2021. We are working on these options now.

Full details of the conversation and straw poll results below:


From: Biosphere Expeditions []
Sent: 16 February 2021 06:32
Subject: June/July expeditions Sweden/Germany/Armenia IV

Dear expeditioners for Sweden/Germany/Armenia

All but a couple of you have now replied, thank you, and the results are clear:

A two-thirds majority of you support making vaccination a requirement. A majority of those who are not sure also tend towards vaccination. Only 7% are against.

Close to half of you are tending towards deferment to 2022 or have deferred already. Those unsure also tend towards deferment by about 70%. Less than a quarter of you are still keen to come on expedition this June/July.

Your opinions about and actions towards deferment mean that Sweden and Armenia are now extremely unlikely to run in 2021 as too many of you have deferred to 2022 already to make the 2021 expeditions viable (and because we are expecting zero recruitment to those expeditions for 2021 under the current circumstances). We are working with our partners on 2022 dates and will keep everyone informed.

For Germany, the ranks are thinning too for 2021 and as such we are looking at two options: (1) Consolidating into one team in July 2021 or (2) in autumn 2021. We will let the Germany team know about these options and their dates soon and then take it from there.

Thank you for working with us on this. We will now communicate with each expedition team individually about options and dates.


Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions

—–Original Message—–
From: Biosphere Expeditions []
Sent: 14 February 2021 11:22
Subject: June/July expeditions Sweden/Germany/Armenia III

Dear expeditioners for Sweden/Germany/Armenia

Most of you have now responded, thank you (latest results are attached). We’re still missing answers from quite a lot of the Sweden expeditioners and a smattering of the other expeditions, so if you can, please write to us with your thoughts.

Quite a few of you have also taken these updates to think about their participation and have opted to defer to 2022 already.

YOUR biggest concern seems to be travel / quarantine restrictions to get to the host country and back. Of course, it is unknowable today what the situation will be like in June/July. Needless to say that we will keep monitoring this.

WE share this concern and also two others. Firstly, whether social distancing will be possible and realistic on some expeditions (for example Sweden and Germany, where we have people share rooms and there are not enough to put everyone in singles). Secondly, whether – given the deferrals we have had already – there will be enough people left to run a particular expedition.

We’ll keep you updated about developments and will also send you final straw poll results in due course.


Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions

—–Original Message—–
From: Biosphere Expeditions []
Sent: 13 February 2021 08:53
Subject: June/July expeditions Sweden/Germany/Armenia II

Dear expeditioners for Sweden/Germany/Armenia

Thank you to those who have written back. Preliminary results of 24 out of 62 possible responses to date are attached and contain a clear message thus far.

Those who are undecided about 2021 or 2022 cite various reasons, the main ones being restrictions inside the host country as well as travel restrictions there and back. Many are unsure whether they are allowed to leave their home country or whether they will be required to quarantine on arrival in the host country or indeed when they return back home. This is a good reflection of the uncertainty around travel that prevails at the moment and is something that is unlikely to change for a while as various virus mutations make their way around the globe with countries racing to curb their spread and to vaccinate as quickly as possible in parallel.

For Armenia, the recent war is a worry also. Our response to that is that (1) the latest round of fighting is over and (2) there is now a ceasefire agreement akin to the one in 1994, which provided a generation of relative stability and (3) that whatever hostilities there have been since the 1980s, our proposed expedition study site has never been in dispute or affected by any hostilities.

Interestingly, fear of infection does not seem to play any role at all.

If you have not replied yet, please do let us have your thoughts.


Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions

—–Original Message—–
From: Biosphere Expeditions []
Sent: 11 February 2021 08:42
Subject: June/July expeditions Sweden/Germany/Armenia

Dear expeditioners for Sweden/Germany/Armenia

As you might have seen on, we have now deferred all 2021 expeditions until June. In June/July, we have our expeditions to Sweden, Germany & Armenia scheduled.

Whilst our strategy to decide about the feasibility of each expedition 6-8 weeks in advance only still stands (also see, we would like to ask your opinion on future strategies in this e-mail.

Early indications that vaccinations also significantly hamper virus transmission are good and encouraging (see So one option could be to require proof of vaccination as a prerequisite for taking part in an expedition.

Now, we are all of different ages, have different ailments, backgrounds and jobs and will therefore be in different risk groups. We also all hail from different countries with varying speeds of vaccination and priority groups.

So today we have three questions for you:

1. What do you think of requiring a vaccination in order to take part?

2. Are you likely to have had two vaccination doses by the time your expedition group starts?

3. Are you minded to defer to a later expedition if a vaccination is required or are you minded to defer anyway, because you don’t feel comfortable with going on expedition in June/July (or don’t think it will be possible)?

Please just press reply to share your thoughts on all this with us. Replying is of course optional and will help us to come up with a suitable strategy going forward. No decisions have been made yet and this e-mail is meant to involve you and make sure your voice is heard as we move forward and make further decision.

We look forward to hearing from you.


Dr. Matthias Hammer
Executive Director
Biosphere Expeditions

Things that have come out of our Altai snow leopard expedition

Biosphere Expeditions ran a snow leopard expedition to the Saylyugem area of the Altai Republic (Russia) from 2003-2012. We would have continued, had it not been for Russia introducing its ‘foreign agents’ law in November 2012, which made continuing expeditions with international citizen scientists impossible.

However, the expedition and its publications helped to provide the scientific base and impetus for authorities to act. All this has, in recent years, come to fruition in an impressive success story for conservation.

Shortly after the end of the expedition, the Saylyugemsky National Park was established, with its Saylyugem Mountain section roughly corresponding to the expedition study area. One of the aims of the park was to protect vulnerable argali mountain sheep and the endangered snow leopard, which is exactly what our scientific reports argued for. Needless to say that we were very pleased with that outcome.

Since then, the snow leopard population in the park has bounced back and there are now regular camera trap records of snow leopards, including females with cubs and resident males. Most of these records are made by the park authorities, Russian researchers and WWF Russia, who are permitted to work in the area.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

There has also been a rare live sighting on a mountainside, recorded in this video:

The argali population remains precarious and vulnerable to poaching, as does the Siberian ibex population. This lack of prey is a challenge to the snow leopards, as evidenced by recent findings that resident males cover distances of more than 100 km without tracking back on themselves – a very high and unusual distance for snow leopards to cover in this way. The inference is that they are forced to do this in search of large ungulate prey, which continues to be rare in the area.

In another development, also initiated by the expedition and argued for in our expedition reports, the involvement of local people in nature protection continues successfully.

There is now a joint snow leopard conservation project between WWF Russia, the National Park and local people. Local people are involved in – and paid for – camera-trapping, enforcement of environmental legislation and other conservation activities. These activities provide alternative means of income based on conservation and intact nature, and through this local poachers are, little by little, converted to conservationists who by 2020 had installed, checked and maintained 30+ cameras traps over an area of more than 300,000 hectares. These camera traps in 2020 alone recorded 74 incidences of snow leopards in the Kosh-Agach region of the Altai Republic.

All this is good news for snow leopards in particular and nature conservation in general. Biosphere Expeditions is proud to have played its part in getting this success story up and running.

Status update February 2021

Our assessment of the situation has not changed since the January update.  In a nutshell:

  • Because of the time it will take to roll out vaccines, we expect it will still take some significant time until expeditions are up and running again, let alone back to something approaching normal.
  • In fact, we do not expect operations to approach anything near normal until early 2022, perhaps even later.
  • With all this in mind, our strategy is now to take things (and expeditions) as they come and assess the feasibility of each expedition six to eight weeks before it is due to start. This, by the way, also meshes with scientific data on when it is best to purchase flights (70 days before departure).
  • If we decide an expedition can happen – and if there is enough interest – then we will announce under what measures and circumstances the expedition will take place (for example social distancing rules, vaccination requirement, negative test result, etc.) .
  • Anything else, we believe, would be unrealistic and unprofessional at this point.

We know that this makes forward planning very difficult, but we hope you can understand our reasoning behind this. If you would like to sign up to an expedition now and support us this way, then rest assured that deferment to another expedition or the same expedition in 2022 will be handled very flexibly (see our explanation on this topic here).

The Azores expedition, which was planned for March/April 2021, has been deferred to March/April 2022, because of the pandemic.

Costa Rica,  has been deferred from May 2021 to May 2022, because our local partners are struggling financially and will only run their research station with a skeleton crew in 2021.

Finally, and if you can, please help us get through this very challenging time by contributing to our survival appeal.

The Azores expedition March/April 2021 has been deferred to March/April 2022.

Costa Rica has been deferred from May 2021 to May 2022.

Is Biosphere Expeditions the most decorated volunteer organisation on the planet?

We reckon this must be so. Just look at the list of awards & accolades below!

Let us know if you know of another volunteer non-profit with that many awards.



Biosphere Expeditions has won the following awards (our definition of “award” is a process that requires an entry via an application form and where a winner is chosen on a competitive basis by a judging panel).


World Travel and Tourism Council

World Travel and Tourism Council Tourism For Tomorrow Awards: Finalist in the “Environment” category (international award scheme)  


First Choice Responsible Tourism Awards

First Choice Responsible Tourism Awards: Winner of the “Best Volunteering Organisation” award (international award scheme based in the UK)  


Skål International Sustainable Tourism Awards

Skål International Sustainable Tourism Awards: Winner of the category “Countryside and wildlife” (international award scheme)


  UIAA Mountain Protection Award

UIAA Mountain Protection Award: Winner of the category “Best Initiative” (international award scheme)  

Virgin Holidays Responsible Tourism Awards

Virgin Holidays Responsible Tourism Awards: Highly commended in the categories “Best for Protection of Endangered Species” and “Best Volunteering Organisation” (international award scheme based in the UK)  



EcoTrophea: Finalist in the category “environmental protection and social responsibility in tourism” (international award scheme based in Germany)  


Reef Check

Reef Check Awards: Our executive director is made a “Hero of the Reef” for services to coral reef conservation worldwide (international award scheme based in the USA)  



Best Volunteering Holidays Award: Award by (international award scheme based in the USA)  



Future 50 Award: Our Executive Director, Dr. Matthias Hammer, is named in the Future 50 class of “ones to watch” (UK award scheme based in Norfolk)  



Best Practice and Environmental Excellence Award: From Greenstop.Net, who assess eco-friendly practices and responsible tourism (international award scheme based in the UK)  


SealSkinz Extreme Award

SealSkinz X-treme Award: Winner (UK award scheme)  



Website Award from the publishers of the Encyclopedia Britannica  



Biosphere Expeditions has also won the following accolades (our definition of “accolade” is a listing, usually through an editorial process, which does not require an application).


National Geographic

National Geographic “100 places that will change your life” accolade for Costa Rica expedition; National Geographic Adventurer “Best New Trip” accolade for Slovakia expedition.


BBC Wildlife

“Top Wildlife Conservation Holiday” for Sumatra expedition; “Top Ten Conservation Holiday” for Altai expedition.


Conde Nast Gold List

Our Tien Shan expedition is honoured on Condé Nast Traveller’s “Gold List” of “the world’s most extraordinary travel experiences”


Condé Nast

Our Armenia expedition is honoured on Condé Nast Traveller’s list of “Ten of the world’s most admirable voluntourism trips that will actually make a difference”


Travel + Leisure

“Best Adventure Outfitter” and “Best Save-the-Earth Trip” listings


Wall Street Journal

“Best Volunteer Travel” for Namibia expedition



“Unforgettable Travel Adventure (Unvergessliches Reiseabenteuer)” for taster days and Honduras expedition

“Top Responsible Holiday” for Amazonia expedition


Travel with a mate

“Best Volunteer Dive Organisation” (international online magazine)



Biosphere Expeditions makes it on “The Go List” for “novel vacations”; “Trip of the Year” for Maldives expedition


Endless Vacation

“Best Trip that Offers a Way Back” for Malaysia expedition



“Great Humanitarian Travel Option” for Amazonia expedition



“Top 25 Wildlife Conservation Blogs” for our blog


Get Lost!

“30 Great Escapes / Best Adventure Trips on the Planet” for Slovakia expedition; “Top Trips: Great small group adventure across the globe” for Arabia expedition.


The Independent

“Best Holiday for Green-Minded Travellers” for experience days; “Top Ten Outdoor Pursuits” for Altai & Azores expeditions; “Best Desert Adventure Holiday” for Arabia expedition; “Best Activity and Adventure Break” for Musandam expedition; “Best Volunteer Career Break” for Brazil expedition; “Best for the Wild at Heart” for Slovakia expedition.

“Life-changing volunteering trip” for Tien Shan expedition


The Guardian

“Ten Best Wildlife Volunteering Holidays” for Oman expedition; “Ten Best Wildlife Holidays in Europe” for Azores expedition.



“Most satisfying trip of the year” for Altai expedition



“Top Holiday For Nature” listing in the category “Where can I do something for nature during my holidays?” (Wo kann man im Urlaub etwas für die Natur tun?)



“The 50 greatest wildlife holidays on Earth” for South Africa expedition; “Twenty of the world’s greatest adventures” for Brazil expedition; “50 amazing wildlife adventures” for Musandam expedition; “Top 10 rare wildlife encounters” for Azores expedition


Business Insider

“Best Volunteer Vacation” for Namibia expedition


World Travel Guide

“Ethical experience” for Sumatra expedition, “10 of the best conservation holidays” for Slovakia and Malaysia expeditions


de Volkskrant

“Top Ten Ethical Operators” listing for Biosphere Expeditions


The National

 “World’s most interesting (and conservation-focused) wildlife trips” listing for Arabia expedition



“Top Rated Noprofit” listing for Biosphere Expeditions by


%d bloggers like this: